THE Nobel Peace Prize was established in 1985 to honor those who have made a major contribution to physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, to literature and to peace work.
The prize is awarded to five deserving personalities every year on December 10, the anniversary of the founder’s death.
Who established the Nobel Peace Prize?
Alfred Nobel was a Swedish inventor, entrepreneur, scientist and businessman who believed in doing his part to make a positive impact on the world.
After his death, he established the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1885.
Nobel had amassed a small fortune, most of which was left to fund the creation of the Peace Prize, as required by his will.
He described the Nobel Peace Prize as worthy of “going to those who have brought the greatest benefit to mankind in the past year”.
He directed that the Nobel Peace Prize be distributed to five worthy recipients, explaining that each prize would be awarded by category.
First prize would go to the person who made “the most important discovery or invention in the field of physics”.
Second prize, he said, would go to “the person who made the most important chemical discovery or improvement.”
Third prize would be awarded to “the person who made the most important discovery in the field of physiology or medicine”.
The fourth prize went to “the person who has produced the most outstanding work in the field of literature in an idealistic direction.
The fifth and final prize would be awarded to “the person who has done most or best to advance communion among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses”.
Who was the first recipient?
The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901 at Alfred Nobel’s home in Stockholm, Sweden, on the five-year anniversary of his death.
In its first year, only two Nobel Peace Prizes were awarded, to Frédéric Passy of France and Jean Henry Dunant of Switzerland.
Passy was awarded the prize for his work establishing international peace conferences, diplomacy and arbitration efforts.
He founded the first French Peace Society in 1878 and held a congress in Paris at the Universal Exposition that year.
Dunant received the award for his humanitarian work, which helped wounded soldiers and promoted international understanding.
What was Alfred Nobel known for?
Although Alfred Nobel is best known today for inventing the Nobel Peace Prize, during his lifetime he was best known for inventing dynamite, which led to the advanced construction of tunnels, roads, and canals.
His invention was published in 1866 as the first safe-to-handle explosive device made outside of gunpowder.
By selling patent rights to other dynamite products worldwide, he amassed a significant amount of wealth that was later used to fund the Nobel Peace Prize.
It has been widely questioned whether it was at fault for creating a deadly weapon that prompted him to endow the Nobel Peace Prize after his death.
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https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/18189811/who-established-nobel-peace-prize/ Who established the Nobel Peace Prize?