What is the Minsk Agreement?

The Minsk agreements have been in place since 2014 in an effort to maintain peace between Russia and Ukraine.

Despite the negotiations, Russia invaded Ukraineabandon the Minsk agreements.

People flee the city of Kyiv, Ukraine when Russia attacks


People flee the city of Kyiv, Ukraine when Russia attacksCredit: Reuters

What is the Minsk Agreement?

In 2014, after fighting in Donbas, Ukraine, a ceasefire was signed by Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

The agreement sets out a 12-point plan to prevent any further fighting between the two nations.

However, this did not last and on 12 February 2015 a new agreement had to be signed.

Minsk II included the removal of weapons from the lodgers and the areas of Donbas given autonomy.

The new deal was signed but the trouble never really ended, leading to the current invasion of Russia.

Putin has completely ignored the Minsk agreements such as Rockets rain on civilians in Ukraine.

What are the 12 points of the Minsk Protocol?

The points of the Minsk agreement are designed to de-escalate and prevent war between the two nations.

  • Ensure an immediate bilateral ceasefire.
  • Ensure the monitoring and verification of the OSCE ceasefire.
  • Decentralization of power, including application of temporary Ukrainian self-governance law to specific districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  • Ensure OSCE regularly monitors Ukrainian-Russian students and creates security zones.
  • Immediately release all hostages and those illegally detained.
  • Introduce legislation to prevent prosecution and punishment of those involved in events in Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  • Continue comprehensive national dialogue.
  • Take measures to improve the humanitarian situation in Donbas.
  • To secure early local elections in municipalities.
  • Withdrawal of illegal armed groups and military equipment as well as fighters and mercenaries from Ukraine.
  • Through the economic recovery program in Donbas.
  • Provide personal confidentiality to consultation participants.

What happens if the Minsk agreement breaks down?

The deal broke down two weeks after it was signed with ceasefire violations by both sides.

A follow-up agreement was signed, but collapsed a year later.

This led to a second deal in 2015, with similar goals.

Breaking the deal meant that all diplomatic efforts to prevent war were abandoned.

The Minsk agreements provide clear diplomatic guidelines for internal navigation between Russia and Ukraine, but breaking the agreement could completely escalate the fighting.

Like Russia begin their attacks on Ukraineother countries will have to decide how to proceed and whether to give Ukraine aid.

President Biden issue a statement About the attacks:

“The prayers of the whole world are with the people of Ukraine tonight as they suffer an unprovoked and unjustified attack by Russian military forces.

“President Putin has chosen a premeditated war that will bring catastrophic loss of life and property.” What is the Minsk Agreement?

Bobby Allyn

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