Decorated with garlands and a pretty wooden mask, the mummy is so fragile that archaeologists have never dared to reveal the remains, making it the only Egyptian royal mummy ever found. in the 19th and 20th centuries have not been opened for study.
Using non-invasive digital techniques, Egyptian scientists used three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) to unwrap the 3,500-year-old mummy and study its contents.
“By digitally opening … the mummy and ‘peeling off’ its virtual layers – the mask, the bandages and the mummy itself – we were able to study this well-preserved pharaoh in detail. unprecedented,” said Dr Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at the Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University and radiologist of the Egyptian Mummy Project, in a news release.
Saleem and her colleagues discovered that Amenhotep I was about 35 years old and 169 centimeters (5.5 feet) tall when he died. He is also circumcised and has healthy teeth. About 30 amulets and a unique gold bracelet were found in the packages.
The pharaoh also had a narrow chin, small nose, curly hair and slightly protruding upper teeth, Saleem said. Their study did not uncover any injuries or deformities that would explain his cause of death.
Amenhotep I ruled Egypt for about 21 years, from 1525 to 1504 BC. He was the second king of the 18th Dynasty and had a mostly peaceful reign during which he built many temples.
The researchers also discovered that the mummy suffered multiple post-mortem wounds possibly caused by tomb robbers, where, according to hieroglyphic texts, priests and embalmers later attempted to repaired in the 21st Dynasty – more than 4 centuries after he was first mummified and buried.
Before studying the mummy, Saleem thought that the priests and embalmers mentioned in the texts might have unwrapped the mummy to reuse certain items such as amulets for later pharaohs, this was a common practice at the time. But that’s not the case, she said.
“We show that, at least for Amenhotep I, the priests of the 21st Dynasty devoted themselves to repairing the wounds inflicted by grave robbers, restoring his mummy to its splendor. before, while preserving the beautiful jewelry and amulets in place,” said Saleem. statement.
The study was published in the journal Borders in medicine on Tuesday.
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https://abc13.com/mummy-digitally-unwrapped-egyptian-scientsts-amenhotep-i-egypt-pharaoh/11401744/ The 3,500-year-old mummy of Egyptian king Amenhotep I has been ‘unpacked digitally’ for the first time