Scientists may have found a way for humans to breathe on Mars in the future.
Spaceflight is difficult for numerous reasons, but the lack of oxygen in space is one of the biggest obstacles.
Bacteria could be the answer to all of our space breathing problems.
Accordingly meshablecyanobacteria could be used by scientists to figure out how people in space can easily access oxygen.
Cyanobacteria absorb carbon dioxide and convert it into oxygen.
The bacterium is found in very hostile environments on Earth, so it is hoped that cyanobacteria could survive on Mars.
Some experts have suggested sending the bacteria to Mars and seeing if they could generate oxygen for humans who land there in the future.
Experiments have already proven that cyanobacteria can grow in a Mars-like environment.
Astrobiologist Cyprien Verseux previously worked on one of these experiments.
They explained: “Here we show that cyanobacteria can use available gases in the Martian atmosphere at low total pressure as a source of carbon and nitrogen.
“Under these conditions, cyanobacteria retained their ability to grow in water containing only Martian dust and could still be used as food for other microbes.
“This could help make long-term missions to Mars sustainable.”
NASA’s goal is to send humans to Mars, and Elon Musk has big plans for a human colony on the Red Planet.
The SpaceX CEO has previously expressed a desire to ferry one million people to Mars by 2050.
By this time, scientists may have figured out a way for bacteria to provide oxygen on this long-distance mission.
Humans would still need to live in very protective housing on Mars as the planet is a harsh environment with dramatic temperature swings and constant radiation exposure.
This article originally appeared on The sun and is reproduced here with permission.
https://nypost.com/2022/03/15/scientists-may-have-figured-out-how-humans-could-breathe-in-space/ Scientists may have figured out how humans can breathe in space