IT IS one of the most common forms of cancer in the UK, killing hundreds of people every day.
There are two main types of skin cancer.
Non-melanoma skin cancer is diagnosed 147,000 times a year in the UK, while melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, is diagnosed 16,000 times a year.
Cancer Research UK says non-melanoma cases are underreported and it excludes it from data on the most common cancers in the UK. Melanoma is considered the fifth most frequently diagnosed cancer.
When detected early, melanoma skin cancer has a good survival rate – 90% if the disease is detected at stage one. And experts estimate 86% of cases are preventable.
But millions of Britons are putting their lives at risk, with one in ten – including children as young as eight – using tanning beds.
Exposure to UV rays from the sun or tanning beds is often the reason why people develop skin cancer.
Using tanning beds before age 35 increases your chances of developing melanoma – the deadliest form of skin cancer – eighty seven%.
That’s why The Sun’s Fabulous launched Dying For A Tan campaignto raise awareness of the dangers that tanning beds pose.
The most common sign of skin cancer is change to a normal mole, freckle, or patch of skin.
Here, we share the symptoms you need to know – to spot the signs of the three most common types of skin cancer.
When it comes to moles, they are usually about a quarter of an inch in size, are uniformly brown, tan, or black, and can be flat or raised.
Some are present at birth, but most are present in children or young adults and as they develop they usually stay the same size, shape and color.
The most important warning sign of melanoma is a new spot on the skin or when a mole changes in appearance.
Superficially spreading melanoma
Around 70% of all melanoma cases in the UK are superficially widespread melanoma.
They are more common in people with pale skin and freckles, and less common in people with darker skin.
They tend to grow outwards rather than downwards at first, so don’t pose a problem. However, if they grow down into deeper layers of skin, they can spread to other parts of the body.
Therefore, you should see a doctor if you have a mole that is getting bigger, especially if it has an irregular edge.
Nodular malignant tumor
Nodular melanoma is a faster-growing type of melanoma that can quickly grow into the deeper layers of the skin if not removed.
They usually appear as a lump on the skin that can range in color from black to red.
Nodular malignancies usually develop on previously normal skin and most commonly occur on the head and neck, chest, or back.
A common symptom is bleeding or oozing.
Melanoma Lentigo maligna
These diseases most often affect the elderly, especially those who have spent a lot of time outdoors.
They grow slowly over a number of years and appear in areas that are regularly exposed to the sun, such as the face.
First, lentil granulomas are flat and grow sideways in the surface layers of the skin.
They look like freckles but they are usually larger, darker, and more prominent than normal freckles.
They can grow and change shape and at a later stage they can grow down into deeper layers of skin and can form lumps.
Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is sometimes called canker sores in rodents.
The disease affects the outermost layer of cells of the skin.
About 75% of skin cancers are BCC, which usually grow slowly and almost never spread to other parts of the body.
If treated in the early stages, this form of skin cancer is usually completely cured.
But if they become more aggressive, BCC can spread into deeper layers of the skin and into the bones – which can make treatment more difficult.
Signs of BCC, including skin growths:
- Looks smooth
- Looks like wax
- Looks like a hard, red lump
- Bleeding sometimes
- Grows into a scab or crusts
- Never fully heals
- Looks like a flat red spot and is scaly and scaly
- Grows into a painless sore
Squamous cell carcinoma
Another form of melanoma, skin cancer, is squamous cell carcinoma.
This is cancer of the keratinocytes in the outermost layer of the skin.
These cells are mainly found on the face, neck, bald scalp, arms, backs of hands and legs.
This is the second most common type of skin cancer and can:
- Scales appear
- Has a hard, fragile lid
- Skin lifting
- Tends to touch
- Bleeding sometimes
When caught early, skin cancer can often be treated successfully.
How skin cancer is treated depends on several factors.
Types of treatment may depend on the type of skin cancer, how far it has spread, and where and at what stage the cancer is.
The main treatment for skin cancer is surgery to remove it from the affected area.
Usually, surgery is performed as minor surgery and is performed under local anesthesia.
An expert’s point of view
Matthew Gass, of the British Association of Dermatologists, says: ‘You should regularly check your skin for signs of skin cancer, specifically changes in the skin, or ask your partner for help.
“Sometimes it can be difficult to be sure of the changes in your skin, so you can always take a picture on your phone to compare.
“Skin cancer doesn’t just arise from moles, so monitor any changes in your skin and talk to your doctor if you’re unsure.”
He added that the ABCDE rules describe a number of changes that could indicate melanoma:
- ONE – asymmetrical – the two halves of the area may differ in shape or color
- REMOVE – contour – the edges of the area may be irregular or blurred, and sometimes show notches
- OLD – color – this may be uneven. Several different shades of black, brown and pink can be seen
- EASY – diameter – most melanomas are at least 6mm in diameter. Report any changes in size, shape or diameter to your doctor
- E – evolution – if you see persistent changes in size, shape or color over several weeks or months, you must seek professional help
Mr. Gass added: “For non-melanoma skin cancers, which are very common, there can be slight variation in their appearance.
“Non-melanoma skin cancer can occur on any part of the body but is most common in areas of the skin most frequently exposed to the sun, such as the head and neck (including the lips). and ears) and the back of the hand.
“They can also appear in places where the skin is already damaged, such as old scars, sores, burns, X-ray damage or persistent wounds.
“They can appear on the skin and get bigger over time. They won’t go away on their own without treatment.
“If in doubt, check it out. If your doctor is concerned about your skin, make sure you see a dermatologist. Your GP can refer you through the NHS. ”
Answers to the mole test:
The number of harmless moles is: 4 and 5.
The dangerous ones are: 1. Basal cell carcinoma 2. Upper body BCC 3. Neck melanoma 6. Mixed melanoma
https://www.thesun.co.uk/health/9721589/spot-deadly-moles-skin-cancer/ Can you spot deadly moles from harmless moles? Signs of skin cancer you should never ignore – The Sun