An uncompromising enemy of the apartheid, brutally oppressive black-majority South African regime, Tutu worked tirelessly, though non-violently, for its demise. .
This bubbly, outspoken cleric used his pulpit as the first Black bishop of Johannesburg and later Archbishop of Cape Town and regularly demonstrated in public to incite mobilize public opinion against racial inequality both nationally and globally.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu was born on October 7, 1931, in Klerksdorp, a town west of Johannesburg, and became a teacher before entering St Peter’s Theological College in Rosetenville in 1958 to train as a priest.
He was ordained in 1961 and six years later became a chaplain at Fort Hare University. Moving to the tiny kingdom of Lesotho in southern Africa and again to England afterwards, Tutu returned home in 1975.
He became bishop of Lesotho, president of the South African Council of Churches and, in 1986, the first black Anglican archbishop of Cape Town.
Tutu was arrested in 1980 for participating in a protest and subsequently had his passport confiscated for the first time. He took it back for trips to the United States and Europe, where he held talks with the United Nations secretary general, the pope and other church leaders.
He was the last living South African to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He will be remembered for his role in helping to combat racism.
When South Africa’s apartheid system ended, Tutu chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which investigated past human rights abuses during the apartheid era.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa launched a statement on Tutu read in part:
“The passing of Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu is another chapter of mourning in our nation’s farewell to a generation of outstanding South Africans who have left us a proud South Africa. liberate, release, free.
“Desmond Tutu was a patriot without equals; a leader of principle and pragmatism who gave meaning to the biblical insight that faith without works is dead.
“A man of extraordinary intellect, righteous and invincible to the forces of the apartheid regime, he is also soft and vulnerable in compassion for those who have suffered subject to oppression, injustice, and violence under the apartheid regime, as well as to oppressed and oppressed people around the world.
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https://abc13.com/desmond-tutu-south-africa-apartheid-nobel-prize/11388223/ Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel laureate and South African anti-apartheid activist, dies aged 90