Here’s what you need to know about its meaning, how Muslims celebrate the month, and how non-Muslims can wish their friends and neighbors “Ramadan Mubarak.”
What is Ramadan and why is it important?
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is characterized by fasting, reflection, charity and prayer.
It is believed that the first verses of the Holy Scriptures of Islam, the Qur’an, were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during this period.
Is Ramadan the same time every year?
Ramadan is based on the lunar calendar, which consists of a 12-month year of approximately 354 days. This means that each lunar month shifts 11 days in the Gregorian calendar observed by the United States.
How do Muslims celebrate Ramadan?
The more than 2 billion devout Muslims around the world will refrain from eating, drinking and having sex between sunrise and sunset every day of the month, said Hussam Ayloush, executive director of the Council on American’s greater Los Angeles-Islamic Relations office.
According to National Geographic, fasting is mandatory for Muslims except for those who are sick, pregnant, traveling, elderly, and/or menstruating.
These fasts can range from 11 to 16 hours a day. Before fasting each day, Muslims begin with a pre-dawn meal, called the suhurand then start the fajr, the first prayer of the day, according to NatGeo. At dusk, after completing the sunset prayer, or MaghrebMuslims celebrate with the meal known as das Iftar. This means “breaking the fast,” and the meal is often shared with family and friends.
This ritual of daily fasting gives Muslims a time for spiritual reflection, Ayloush said.
“Hopefully going all day without eating or drinking builds a kind of empathy within us where we’re very thankful for the blessings we’re receiving from God…” he said.
Muslims also avoid negative actions such as gossiping, lying and arguing during the month.
How do Muslims donate during Ramadan?
Charity is a very important practice in Islam. During Ramadan, Muslims often hold food drives or fundraisers to help the less fortunate.
What other rituals do Muslims perform during Ramadan?
Many Muslims perform an additional prayer at night during Ramadan Tarawih. They will also celebrate Laylat al-Qadr later in the month, the day many believe the Qur’an was first revealed.
How can non-Muslims greet their Muslim friends and neighbors during Ramadan?
Non-Muslims can wish Muslims “Ramadan Mubarak,” which means “a blessed Ramadan,” Ayloush said.
“You can say ‘Happy Ramadan’, ‘Joyful Ramadan’. Anything you can say would be greatly appreciated by your neighbors,” he added.
When Ramadan ends, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr, or the “Feast of Breaking the Fast”. During this celebration, children receive gifts from family and friends. Muslims can also say a special prayer on the morning of Eid, followed by a community celebration with food and games.
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https://abc13.com/ramadan-2022-when-is-muslim-islam/11690520/ When is Ramadan 2022? What you need to know about Islam’s holiest month as Muslims observe it