New York City has all but eliminated sub-$1,000 cash bail under controversial reform legislation — though judges in the Big Apple have only set the low amounts in about 300 cases over the past year.
The meager bail amounts accounted for just over 2% of 13,942 cases posted bail on charges like drug possession and petty theft in 2021 — and a massive departure from the years before the state’s 2019 reform.
In 2019, judges set bail of $1,000 or less 4,247 times in 22,332 cases, according to court data released Wednesday by the New York Division of Criminal Justice System.
The data provide the first comprehensive look at the impact of bail reform on crime, after The Post reported earlier this year that the publicly available figures were insufficient because Albany lawmakers failed to require a baseline data collection to establish the analyze possible effects.
“The data available on the [Office of Court Administration] Website, which anyone can consult and analyze, was the main source of information for the public and was widely discussed in the press and among policy makers. However, the data presented an incomplete picture,” DCJS Commissioner Rossana Rosado said in announcing the release.
“It had comprehensive data from 2020 and 2021, the first two years after the reform, but it didn’t have data from 2019, before the reform, so it’s apples and oranges when we tried to compare the system before and after the reform. “
A key finding from the three years of data was that the reforms had little impact on crime in the Big Apple.
The recidivism rate for those released on bail within 180 days in New York City declined slightly each year, with 1,680 out of 6,911 people released on bail being arrested again in 2019. In the first nine months of 2021, that number was 465 out of 2,397, according to data released by DCJS.
Meanwhile, from those statistics, repeat arrests for violent crimes also fell from 335 in 2019 to 198 in 2020 and 147 in the nine months of 2021, the data shows.
In those years, judges set higher bail in more cases despite fewer charges.
In 2021, New York judges ordered bail of $10,001 or more in 4,430 cases on charges such as gun possession or robbery — up from 3,782 two years earlier, although courts saw about 5,000 more cases in 2019.
The increased average deposit amount has been set from $3,500 in Q1 2019 to $10,000 by the end of 2021.
https://nypost.com/2022/09/21/bail-under-1k-nearly-eliminated-in-nyc-under-reforms/ Sub-$1,000 deposit nearly eliminated in NYC amid reforms