Everything You Need to Know About Speed ​​Skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – NBC10 Philadelphia

Feeling the need for speed?

Watch Olympic athletes circumnavigate the ice at more than 30 miles per hour as they race for a gold medal in speed skating.

Speed ​​skating is one of six sports featured in every Winter Olympics since the opening of the 1924 Chamonix Games. This year’s events will be held at the newly built National Speed ​​Skating Oval House in Beijing. Nicknamed “The Ice Ribbon”, the stadium was built on the field hockey site from the 2008 Summer Olympics and is the only new venue built within the original Olympic park. in Beijing.

The US has a few golden hopes on their list, with three of them hailing from the same hometown of Ocala, Florida: Erin Jackson, Brittany Bowe and Joey Mantia.

“I guess there’s just something underwater down there,” speak Bowe seven-time world speed skating champion.

Here’s everything you need to know about speed skating at the Beijing Winter Olympics.

What are the different events in speed skating?

There are seven events for both men and women at the Olympic Games. The goal of each item is the same: complete it as quickly as possible.

Speed ​​skating events are held on the 400-meter oval track and include distances of 500m (1 1/4 laps), 1,000m (2 1/2 laps), 1,500m (3 3/4 laps), ), 3,000m for women only (7 and a half laps), 5,000m (12 laps and a half), 10,000m for men only (25 laps), Simultaneous start for men and women (16 laps), Bronze chase Men’s team (8 rounds) and Chase women’s team (6 rounds).

There is one lap of each distance in individual events in long-distance speed skating, with skaters racing in pairs and winning the fastest time.

In the 16 lap start event, which was added for men and women in 2018, up to 24 skaters raced simultaneously, with the first three riders to cross the finish line being awarded medals. “Sprint points” are also awarded to the top three skaters of each quarter in the race, which takes place after laps 4, 8, 12, and the final sprint. Drivers not on the podium will be ranked according to the number of points they won in the race, rather than the order in which they crossed the finish line.

The team chase features two teams of three skaters competing head-to-head in knockout races. The winning time is determined when the third skater on the team crosses the finish line. Competitions are organized according to 3 phrases: quarter-finals, semi-finals and finals.

The winners of each semi-final advance to Final A to determine gold and silver; The losers competed in Final B to determine bronze.

What is the equipment used in speed skating?

Obviously the most important is the skate itself.

Skate shoes have a blade that is connected to the shoe by a fastening device. The steel blades, 40 to 48 cm long, are longer and straighter than those used for hockey or figure skating to allow you to take a long stride and have very little curve. The shoes are made of carbon fiber leather and custom molded to the rider’s foot for a snug fit. Many riders choose not to wear socks during races for a better glide experience.

Riders wear tight leather racing suits with an aerodynamic hood and thumb loops to minimize air drag, as well as goggles to keep their eyes from tearing in the wind.

What is the history of speed skating?

Ice skating originated more than 1,000 years ago in Scandinavia and the Netherlands when people used bone skates made of collarbones or polished ribs to cross frozen rivers and lakes. Over the centuries, the blade evolved from wood into iron, and finally, in 1850, into steel.

The first known speed skating club was the Edinburgh Skating Club, in Scotland, and the first speed skating competition was said to be a 15-mile race held at the Fens in England on the 4th. February 1793. The first official long-distance speed skating event took place in Norway in 1863. Three years later, the International Skating Union (ISU) was founded in the Netherlands.

Speed ​​skating is one of only six sports to appear in every Winter Olympics since its first debut in 1924. Women’s events were added to the Olympic program in 1960. Chasing catch teammates debuted in 2006 and started the series, a head-to-head race across 16 laps, which is the latest event to be added to the program following its launch in 2018.

Which country has the most medals in speed skating?

The Dutch speed skater brought the Netherlands 121 medals, and led the world with multiple gold (42), silver (40) and bronze medals (39).

The Netherlands took home 16 medals in the 2018 PyeongChang Olympics, marking the sixth consecutive Winter Olympics where the nation topped the number of speed skating medals. In the last two Winter Olympics alone, they have won most of the speed skating gold medals (15 of 26) and half of all speed skating medals (39 of 78).

Norway has the second most medals total with 84, followed by the United States with 68. Team USA also boasts a second number of gold medals with 29 medals. Everything You Need to Know About Speed ​​Skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – NBC10 Philadelphia


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